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Prostate cancer treatment options

Physician case review

Our multidisciplinary cancer care conferences review complex cases to provide an expert "second opinion" on diagnosis, pre-treatment evaluation, staging, treatment strategy and rehabilitation. The team includes medical oncologists, pathologists, radiation oncologists, radiologists, surgeons, nurses, research coordinators and other cancer care staff.

Diagnostic options

An MRI provides very detailed views of the prostate. For most patients, this means fewer biopsies are needed for make a diagnosis. Prostate MRI (also known as multi-parametric MRI of the prostate) is available at Legacy Good Samaritan.

Treatment options

Legacy Cancer Institute offers many options for treating prostate cancer, from precision radiation therapy to robotic-assisted surgery. Our remarkable team of physicians includes specialists in oncology, urology, radiation oncology and surgery.


  • Traditional surgery: Removing part of the prostate or the prostate gland and nearby tissue
  • Robotic surgery: A very precise and less-invasive approach, including robotic surgery techniques.  Learn more about robotic surgery.
  • Cryosurgery: the use of extreme cold produced by liquid nitrogen or argon to destroy cancerous tissue

Radiation therapy

  • Brachytherapy: Radioactive material is placed in the body in direct contact with the tumor.
  • Image guided radiation therapy (IGRT): The radiation beam is customized to match the patient's anatomy and the shape of the tumor.
  • Intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT): Both the radiation beam and the amount of radiation are customized to the targeted area.

Learn more about radiation therapy.

Active surveillance

"Active surveillance" is an approach for certain older men who have a limited amount of prostate cancer. Instead of receiving immediate treatment, patients are followed closely to see if and when the cancer grows or gets worse. Treatment is not given until the cancer progresses.

Read more about active surveillance.

Other treatments

  • Chemotherapy: Medication used to slow the growth of or destroy the cancer which has spread to other areas of the body. Learn more. 
  • Hormonal therapy: Reducing male hormones causes most prostate cancer to shrink or regress.