Screening and Prevention

Screening tests look for certain cancers, even before there are symptoms. Early detection of cancer makes it easier to treat. Some screening tests help prevent cancer, by finding and removing conditions that may lead to cancer. Find information here:

  • Mammography to find breast cancer early, when it's most treatable. Learn more.
  • Colonoscopy to find and remove polyps, the precursors to colorectal cancer. Learn more
  • Pap tests to find cervical cancer early, and the HPV vaccine to protect from cervical cancer
  • Fallopian tube removal to help prevent ovarian cancer. Learn more
  • Screening for lung cancer, to find it early, when it's most treatable. Learn more.
  • Hepatitis C testing, used to find the disease early, when it is treatable, and to reduce the risk of liver cancer



A colonoscopy can help prevent and find colorectal cancer. Learn more about this screening, including how to make an appointment as well as alternative screening methods. Learn more.

Still feeling a bit apprehensive about having a colonoscopy? Watch our interview with Dr. Frankhouse (see above) and find out why this screening is so important.


Mammograms help find breast cancer at its most treatable. Learn more.

If you are younger than 40, watch this story on breast cancer in young women, and what you can do to protect yourself.

Pap smear and Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Test

The Pap and HPV test can help prevent cervical cancer or find it early. The Pap test looks for precancers which are cell changes on the cervix that might become cancer without appropriate treatment. The HPV test looks for the virus which can cause these cell changes. Let us help you find a physician so you can make an appointment for your screening today. 

Also, watch Dr. Audrey Curtis talk about the HPV vaccines available to protect women from the types of HPV that cause most cervical cancers. 

Fallopian tube removal

Legacy Cancer Institute recommends that certain women consider fallopian tube removal as a way to prevent future ovarian cancer. Learn more about our recommendation and the science behind it. Watch the TV story to hear from Legacy Cancer Institute experts.

Lung cancer screening

Legacy Cancer Institute recommends that current and former heavy smokers between the ages of 55 and 74 be screened for lung cancer, using a low-dose CT scan. Learn more.

Hepatitis C testing

A one-time blood test for hepatitis C can save lives. The test can catch the disease before symptoms appear, and in time for possible treatment. Infection with the hepatitis C virus can lead to liver cirrhosis and later to liver cancer. Risk factors for hepatitis C include past IV drug use, blood transfusion or organ transplant before 1992, and work-related exposure to blood. 

Learn more about the CDC's recommendation for baby boomers.