METHEMOGLOBIN

Mnemonic

METHGB

Synonym

METHHB

Specimen Collection Requirements

Collect

Whole Blood, one heparinized blood gas syringe

Handling

Collect specimen anearobically. Blood gas syringe should be capped with no air space. Transport immediately.

Minimum Volume

2.0 mL

Transport

Refrigerated (2-8°C)

Rejection Criteria

Specimens with syringe uncapped or with airspace, tubes with benzalkonium heparin, EDTA, citrate, oxalate, and fluoride

Stability

Ambient (20-25°C): 30 minutes, Refrigerated (2-8°C): 30 minutes, Frozen (at or below -20°C): Unacceptable

Testing Information

Performed

7 days/week

Method

Colorimetry

Referral Lab

Samaritan Health Services Laboratories

Reference Values

Reference Values

<1.5% of total hemoglobin

Toxic Levels

≥1.9%
Symptoms are proportional to the level of methemoglobin:
Less than 10% methemoglobin: No symptoms
10-20% methemoglobin: Skin discoloration only, most notably on mucus membranes
20-30% methemoglobin: Anxiety, headache, dyspnea on exertion
30-50% methemoglobin: Fatigue, confusion, dizziness, tachypnea, palpitations
50-70% methemoglobin: Coma, seizures, arrhythmias, acidosis
Greater than 70% methemoglobin: Death

CPT Codes

83050

Last Updated: Thursday, January 5, 2017 03:42:23 AM