About Prostate Cancer

Understand your options for prostate cancer diagnosis and treatment.

Prostate cancer legacy doctor talking with male patient

What you need to know

For almost everyone, a cancer diagnosis is difficult. And while prostate cancer is the most common form of cancer in men — and the second leading causes of cancer deaths for men — most men with prostate cancer do not die from it.
In some ways, prostate cancer is different from many other cancers. That’s because it often does not spread to other parts of the body. Or, if it does grow, it often grows slowly.
With proper treatment, most men with prostate cancer have a good quality of life. Some older men with prostate cancer decide not to even have treatment because the risks outweigh the benefits.
However, if prostate cancer grows uncontrolled, it can lead to pain, health problems or even death. That’s why it is important for you to learn all you can to understand the options for treatment. Then, you can work with your doctor to make a plan.

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Understand your diagnosis

At this point, you’ve likely had a physical exam and reviewed your health history with your provider. You may have also had a biopsy to confirm your diagnosis. Following a diagnosis of  prostate cancer, you may have more tests to help your doctor understand your cancer stage. 
Cancer staging involves identifying where the cancer is located, if or where it has spread and if it is affecting other parts of your body. Knowing the stage allows your doctor to develop your personalized treatment plan. 
Some tests your doctor may now recommend include:
  • Bone scan
  • CT scan
  • MRI

Customized treatment plan

Because each person and every cancer is different, your doctor uses your tests and exams to come up with an individual treatment plan. How long this takes depends on how complex your case is and your treatment goals. During this time, you build a relationship with your cancer doctors. You become a team for your care.

Open, honest communication can only benefit your relationship with your doctors. These tips can also help you get the most from this partnership:

  • Prepare in advance: Write down your questions ahead of your visits. A few examples of smart questions:
    • Why are we doing these tests?
    • Why do you think this treatment is right?
    • What side effects might this treatment cause?
  • Find trustworthy resources: If you’re looking to learn more, rely on this website or sources your team recommends, so you can make decisions based on good information.
  • Take a partner: Bringing a friend or family member to appointments can make you feel more confident and help you remember important details.

Treatment options

You and your doctor will decide how to approach your prostate cancer care.
The treatment options include:
  • Active surveillance
  • Surgery, including robotic-assisted prostate removal
  • Radiation
  • Hormone therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Cryotherapy

More support

You are not alone. Legacy offers support throughout your cancer journey, as well as care for your emotional, social and spiritual needs.

Nurse navigators
Legacy Cancer Healing Center 
Support groups and classes
Cancer rehabilitation 
Survivorship services

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