Pancreatic Cancer: Reducing Your Risks
At high risk? Look into screening.
What you need to know
The pancreas is an organ behind the stomach and in front of the spine. It puts out enzymes to help digest food and hormones to help control blood sugar levels. It is not known how to prevent pancreatic cancer. However, if you are at increased risk due to your family history or other risk factors, there are tests that can detect the cancer early.
Reducing your risk
Unhealthy lifestyle choices like poor eating habits, smoking and substance abuse can contribute to an increased risk of pancreatic cancer. Exposure of certain chemicals, especially those used in dry cleaning and metal working industries, can also elevate risk.
Here are some risk factors that can make a person more likely to develop the disease:
- A family history of two or more close family members with pancreatic cancer
- Certain gene mutations
- Chronic pancreatitis – long-term inflammation (swelling) of the pancreas. This is sometimes a risk for pancreatic cancer, but most people never develop pancreatic cancer.
- Mucinous pancreatic cysts
- Cirrhosis of the liver
Who should be screened
Medical experts don’t recommend screening for most people. If you have a family history of pancreatic cancer, you should discuss this with your doctor.
The doctor may talk to you about:
- Using an endoscopic ultrasound to look for possible cancer.
- Seeing a genetics counselor who reviews your health history. The counselor may recommend genetic testing. Learn about Legacy’s genetic counseling
- Seeing a gastroenterologist, if you have chronic pancreatitis. Find a gastroenterologist
About the high-risk pancreatic cancer screening program