Prostate Cancer: Reducing Your Risk
When is screening right for me?
What you need to know
Prostate cancer is found in the prostate, a small gland in the male urinary tract. It is the most common cancer found in men in the United States. However, not all prostate cancer tumors need treatment. While there is no proven way to prevent prostate cancer, you may be able to reduce your risks if you eat a healthy diet, keep your weight down and exercise.
The decision to screen for prostate cancer is not straightforward. In fact, medical organizations don’t agree on the guidelines for screening. Legacy Cancer Institute recommends that healthy men older than 40 should discuss screening with their doctor. We believe you should have the right information to make an informed decision.
Tell your doctor about any family history of prostate cancer and other signs or symptoms you may be experiencing.
Pay attention to the signs
While prostate cancer does not always have signs, in some cases it may cause symptoms such as:
- Trouble urinating or urinating often
- Blood in the semen
- Erectile problems
- Swelling in the pelvic area
If you experience these symptoms, it’s important to work with your doctor. As with many cancers, early detection is your best chance of successful treatment.
If you have a family history of prostate cancer or of known gene mutations (such as BRCA1 or BRCA2) that lead to other cancers, your risks for prostate cancer may be increased.